Similar surnames: Shan, Regal, Saha, Seal, Segale, Schaal, Seda, Hengel, Hegel, Seaman Caste in the Mughal India. Hindu (Khatri) and Sikh name based on the name of a prominent mercantile community in the Panjab. 347-TW… Khatri is a subcaste of the 'Kshatriya' caste that is specific to Punjab state in India. Gujarati Caste List. Do you want to know what is the religion and caste of your favorite Bollywood actor? [33] In the 19th-century British administrators failed to agree whether the Khatri claim of Kshatriya status should be accepted, since the overwhelming majority of them were engaged in Vaishya (mercantile) occupation rather than in Kshatriya (military) pursuits. Media in category "Khatri" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. The descendants of Kush, according to the disputed Bachitar Natak legend, learned the Vedas at Benares, and were thus called Bedis (Vedis). Ved – Yajurved Gothra – Kashyap. [39], The Bardhaman Raj was founded in 1657 by Sangam Rai Kapoor, a Khatri from Kotli, Punjab[40], All the ten Sikh Gurus were Khatris:[41] Guru Nanak was a Bedi, Guru Angad was a Trehan, Guru Amar Das was a Bhalla, and the remainder were Sodhis. [16], According to Ancient Greek sources, "The people that held the territory comprised between the Hydrastes (Ravi) and the Hyphasis (Beas) were the Khatriaioi, whose capital was Sangala". [42] During the lifetime of the Gurus, most of their major supporters were Khatris. Other castes represented among the Sikhs, in addition to the distinctive Sikh caste of Ramgarhias (artisans), are the Ahluwalias (formerly Kalals [brewers] who have raised…. According to P.K.Verma, "Education was a common thread that bound together with this pan Indian elite" and almost all the members of these communities could read and write English and were educated beyond school. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc./Kenny Chmielewski 4, Sikh Studies (May 1992), pp. [15] Similarly, according to the same legend, the Sodhi sub-caste claims descent from Lav, the other son of Rama. [21] Often, they married Tatar local women and the children from these marriages were known as Agrijan. SC /ST / OBC certificates (caste certificates) are issued by SDOs in all Sub- Divisions. Khatris and Aroras are equivalent of Baniyas found elsewhere in India. She quotes a translation from a Marathi publication that gave a Brahminic opinion of this attempt: "Everyone does what he wants, Sonars have become Brahmins , Treemungalacharya was insulted by throwing cowdung at him in Pune, but he has no shame and still calls himself a Brahmin. 🛈Today's Message: For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, & the strength of the Wolf is the Pack. According to the Brahmanic sources, they originated from intercaste marriages, but this is clearly an attempt at rationalizing their rank in the hierarchy. Bhukandas Masters, a Khatri, emigrated to New Zealand in 1919. History of Bedis BEDI is a subcaste of the Khatris. Sheth, the former director of the Center for the Study of Developing Societies in India (CSDS), listed the Indian upper castes that constituted the middle class and were traditionally "urban and professional" immediately after Independence in 1947. Both groups intermarry freely and are identical for all practical purposes. The Caste system is the social hierarchy in India. This legend is probably fanciful: John McLane notes that a more likely explanation for their revised position was that a Sikh rebellion against the Mughals in the early 1700s severely compromised the Khatri's ability to trade and forced them to take sides. Jati and Varna are classifications of the traditional Indian Society. 11.Nimivanshi Kshatriya: Gothra – Vashishtha. The…, …Bābur, and belonged to the Khatri community of scribes and traders. There is also a different caste called thakur. Caste certificates for SC & ST are issued in terms of The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Identification) Act, 1994. This is an alphabetical listing of Punjabi Khatri Surnames. According to S. A Nigosian in World Religions, the caste system, “Is its (India) system of social stratification”(Nigosian 136). [38] Most Hindu Khatris migrated to India after partition and settled in urban areas across India. — The Khatris are described by Mr. Lewis Rice † as "silk weavers, who in manners, customs, and language are akin to Patvēgars, but they do not intermarry with them, although the two castes eat together. B[edit]: ^ Dhuria caste in UP is different from Dhuria caste in Punjab. caste system of India In the caste system of India, traditional social classes, or varna s, are arranged in a hierarchy. [25] As per historian Baij Nath Puri, the Khatris as an integral part of the old Kshatriya caste differ from the neo-Kshatriyas, Rajputras or Rajputs. In Kolkata, such certificates are issued by DWO, Kolkata. [21], However, these claims are disputed by most of the scholars who consider castes in north India, like Khatri and Kayastha to be merchant castes who claim higher status to befit the educational and economic progress they made in the past. [23] Author Purnima Dhawan described that together with Jat community, the Khatris gained considerably from the expansion of the Mughal empire, although both groups supported Guru Hargobind in his campaign for Sikh self-government in the Punjab plains. The Nairs and Samantha Kshatriyas of Kerala are examples of Brahmkshatriyas by descent, while the Nambiathiri and Nambidi sect of Nambudiri Brahmins are Brahmkshatriyas by virtue of adopting a … After the partition of India, people of Hindu Khatri community living in Pakistan migrated from Pakistan to India and settled in India. Historian Vijaya Gupchup from the University of Mumbai states that in Maharashtra, Brahmins showed resentment in the attempt by the Marathi Khatris(Koshti) to elevate themselves from a ritually low status to Kshatriya by taking advantage of the British neutrality towards castes. Similarly a Khatri or Koshti(weavers) who are included in Panchal at places other than Bombay, call themselves Kshatriya in Bombay and say their needles are the arrows and their thimbles are the sheaths. Before partition of India, people of Khatri community lived from Delhi to Peshawar. [34] Dasharatha Sharma described Khatris of Rajasthan as a mixed pratiloma caste of low ritual status but suggested that they could be a mixed caste born of Kshatriya fathers and Brahmin mothers.[35]. He is said to keep the genealogies of the Khatri families. Category: Maharashtra NEET 2019 Cut Off Marks hrithik patkar June 25, 2017 (6:07 am) Get 285marks in neet2017 categories is scheduled caste which government. This vansha is named after Nimi, son of Maharaja Ishwaku. 31, No. 344-362, The University of Chicago Press/ quote: "Although Bachitar Natak is traditionally attributed to Guru Gobind Singh, there is a strong case to be made for regarding it as the work of one of his followers...", Dasam Granth: A historical study, Sikh Review, 42(8), Aug 1994, 9-20, The Cosmic Drama: Bichitra Natak, Author Gobind Singh, Publisher Himalayan International Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy of the U.S.A., 1989, Indian settlers: the story of a New Zealand South Asian community, p48, Jacqueline Leckie, Otago University Press, 2000/ quote :"Tailoring was a caste occupation that continued in New Zealand by those from Darji and Khatri castes who had been trained in appropriate skills. D&D Beyond Those who were primarily dependent on the Mughals went to significant lengths to assert that allegiance in the face of accusations that they were in fact favouring the rebel Jat Sikhs, led by Banda. Kshatriya, also spelled Kshattriya or Ksatriya, second highest in ritual status of the four varna s, or social classes, of Hindu India, traditionally the military or ruling class. Here we have the required details for you Table of Contents1 List of Bollywood Actors by Religion and Caste2 […] Some communities within these groups are instead classified under other categories, as noted below. [44], Gulaba Singh Khatri (1720-1759) was the ruler and founder of the Dallewalia Misl, an 18th century state in Jalandhar district[45], D.L. According to Hardip Singh Syan, the Khatris considered themselves to be of pure Vedic descent and thus superior to the Rajputs who, like them, claim the Kshatriya status of the Hindu varna system. The name "Khatri" derived from Sanskrit word 'ksatriya' ‘member of the warrior class’, derived from sanskrit word ksatra which means ‘dominion’, ‘power’. It is not limited to ancient India, it is still prevalent today. [24], According to Hardip Singh Syan, the Khatris considered themselves to be of pure Vedic descent and thus superior to the Rajputs who, like them, claim the Kshatriya status of the Hindu varna system. "[20] Dale locates Khatris in Astrakhan, Russia during the late seventeenth century and, in the 1830s, the British imperial proconsul and past governor of Bombay, Mountstuart Elphinstone, was informed that Khatris were still highly involved in northwest India's transregional commerce and that they maintained communities throughout Afghanistan and as far away as Astrakhan. Khatri. [43][need quotation to verify] However, many of the more successful Khatri traders opposed the strictures of the Khalsa movement, introduced by Guru Gobind Singh to end the concept of caste in Sikhism by removing traditional rituals and identities. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Khatri family names include Anand, Awal, Bachewal, Badhwar, Baijal, Bagga, Bajaj, Bakshi, Batta, Bedi, Behal (Behl), Bhalla, Bhola, Bhasin, Bhandari, Bhandula, Bindra, Birghi, Chadha, Chandok, Charan, Chona, Chopra, Choudhary,Chetal, Dhall, Dhawan, Dhir, Dua, Duggal, Dhupar, Dumra, Gambhir, Gandhi, Gandhoke, Gadok, Gadhiok, Ghai, Gujral, Gulati, Gulla, Handa, Jerath, Jairath, Jaggi, Jalota, Jolly, Kakkar (Kacker) ,Kapoor (Kapur), Katyal, Keer, Khanna, Kehar, Khosla, Khullar, Kohli, Koshal, Lala, Lamba, Loomba, Madh… Sometimes people belonging to these castes are called "Bhapa Sikhs". This list included the Khatris from Punjab, Kashmiri Pandits, Nagar Brahmins and the South Indian Brahmins; Chitpawans and CKPs (Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus) from Maharashtra; Kayasthas from northern India; the Probasi and the Bhadralok Bengalis; the Parsis; and the upper crusts of the Muslim and Christian communities. As per historian Baij Nath Puri, the Khatris as an integral part of the old Kshatriya caste differ from the neo-Kshatriyas, Rajputras or Rajputs. In short day by day higher castes are disappearing and lower castes are prospering. The order was made out of sympathy for the widows but when the Khatri community leaders refused to obey it, Aurangzeb terminated their military service and said that they should be shopkeepers and brokers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Please feel free to … We see a sharper class-based economic and administrative structure crystallising: nobles, zamindars, (upper) peasants, and landless agricultural labourers. The outcome of their assertions - which included providing financial support to the Mughals and shaving their beards - was that the Khatris became still more important to the Mughal rulers as administrators at various levels, in particular because of their skills in financial management and their historic connections with bankers. The Khatris are mainly Hindus though there is among them a Sikh element which is small in number but important historically. [46][47][48], Punjabi trading caste in the Indian subcontinent. Khatri Samaj was found in both Hindu and Muslim religions. …as the Kayasthas (scribes) and Khatris (traders), are mentioned in the sources of this period. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Khatri, coming from "Khettri" is similar to Chetty (Shetty) a Vaishya caste (merchants). Sangala find mention in Mahabharata and Pali Buddhist texts as the capital of Madra Kingdom. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Khatri is a predominantly Hindu caste of northern India and Pakistan, mostly from the Punjab region, that provided many significant figures in Sikhism, including all of the Sikh Gurus. It is the prakritized form of the Sanskrit ksatriya which is one of the four caste groups into which the Hindu society is divided. The Hindu four-tier caste system, or varna system, forced these communities … Please note there are also Agarwal Baniyas in Punjab too but they are almost 100% Hindu. J. W. McCrindle, the translator and writer adds that the name is found in the modern era, spread across a vast region in the northwest of India, from Hindukush to Bengal and from Nepal to Gujarat, in slightly variant forms, including the term Khatris and others. The Sikh Struggle in the Eighteenth Century and Its Relevance for Today, W. H. McLeod, History of Religions, Vol. Thakur is a title given to Rajput Kshatriya. Despite this, caste was the dominant structural feature of Hindu society. OBC certificates are issued in terms of Govt. They used to constitute chiefly of shopkeepers, small money-lenders, accountants, grocers, perfume sellers, grain traders, etc. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [25] Author McLeod mentions the employment of Khatris as soldiers by Mughal emperors but notes by the time of British arrival in India they were mostly merchants and scribes[29] Kenneth W. Jones says "the Khatris claimed with some justice and increasing insistence, the status of Rajputs, or Kshatriyas, a claim not granted by those above but illustrative of their ambiguous position on the great varna scale of class divisions". How surprising that those sonars and Khatris at the hands of whom even Shudras will not take water have become Brahmins and Kshatriyas. Khatri & Arora Sikh Subcastes Khatri and Arora Sikhs are also sometimes called "Kirar" or "Bhapa Sikhs". Different approaches to Bachitar Natak, Journal of Sikh studies, Surjit Singh Hans, Volume 10, 66-78, Guru Nanak University. "[36], The Khatris of Gujarat and Rajasthan are said to have tailoring skills like "Darji" (tailor) caste. By the time of…, The Khatri and Arora castes, both mercantile castes, form a very small minority, though they are influential within the Sikh community. Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press. People of Khatri caste are often found in Punjab province. [6] The Khatri caste has also provided important figures in the Khalsa Army such as Hari Singh Nalwa, the Commander-in-chief of the Sikh Empire[7] and Dewan Mokham Chand (1785-1814), General of the Khalsa Army[8] Historically, Khatris were merchants, traders, bankers, scribes, accountants, civil administrators, silk weavers, and shopkeepers. The picture of caste society during the Mughal times is much clearer. A list of these is provided by a contemporary of the Sikh Gurus, Bhai Gurdas, in his Varan Bhai Gurdas. Mahajan termed the caste based system in purchasing and selling land in Jammu and Kashmir under new Land Laws amended by the BJP-led Government at the Centre after abrogation of Article 370 as a conspiracy against the aforesaid communities. [28], Khatri's standards of literacy and caste status were such during the early years of Sikhism that, according to W. H. McLeod, they dominated it. Those who belonged to one of the four major varnas are called Savarna.. [17], Having gained the patronage of the Mughal nobles, the Khatris then adopted administrative and military roles outside the Punjab region. Attached to them is a caste beggar, called Bhāt, who comes round at long intervals. From an early career as a scribe for an important noble of the Lodī dynasty, Nānak became a wandering preacher before settling down at Kartarpur in the Punjab at about the time of Bābur’s invasion. Khatri and Aroras are essentially identical caste and are primarily a caste of traders, shopkeepers and accountants. [18], The Khatris played an important role in India's trans-regional trade during the period,[19] being described by Scott Cameron Levi as among the "most important merchant communities of early modern India. The Khatri and Arora castes, both mercantile castes, form a very small minority, though they are influential within the Sikh community. [33], The vast majority of Khatris are Hindu. Also Seth is the Gujarati version of Chetty, which is also a Khatri name. According to a Khatri legend of the 19th century, they continued their military service until the time of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, when the death of many of their number during the emperor's Deccan Campaign caused him to order their widows to be remarried. [10] According to Anand Yang, the Khatris are one of the sub-category of the Bania caste of north India along with numerous groups which are together categorised as Vaishya in the Varna system. [22][page needed] According to George Campbell's mid-nineteenth-century Ethnology of India, "Khatris are the only Hindus known in Central Asia"[21], Author Suresh Kumar described Khatris as silk weavers. A Khattri nobleman, in 'Kitab-i tasrih al-aqvam' by Col. James Skinner, aka Sikandar (1778-1841).jpg 442 × 631; 122 KB Notice: Thakur is not our caste, our caste is Rajput Kshartiya. Indian (Panjab): Hindu (Khatri) and Sikh name of unexplained origin, based on the name of a clan in the Khatri community. Ved – Samved. They were estimated to constitute 9% of the total population of Delhi in 2003. Notification No. Other castes represented among the Sikhs, in addition to the distinctive Sikh caste of Ramgarhias (artisans), are the Ahluwalias (formerly Kalals … In addition, there were migrant Khatri trading families who, from the late 18th Century, had established themselves in the cities of the Gangetic valley as bankers… and military contractors for the Raj…” – Harish Damodaran in India’s New Capitalists: Caste, Business & Industry in a Modern Nation (2008) Change produces dislocation… [37] In the case of those Khatris who avow Sikhism, their Kshatriya claim reflects the confusing, even seemingly contradictory, attitude towards the traditional Hindu caste system that is evident in Sikh texts such as the Guru Granth Sahib, which on the one hand renounces the Hindu caste paradigm and on the other seeks to portray the gurus as a group of warrior-defenders of their faith, just as with the Kshatriya varna. [32] Purnima Dhavan sees the claim as originating from a conflation of the words khatri and kshatriya, which are phonetically similar. Khatri is a subcaste of the 'Kshatriya' caste that is specific to Punjab state in India. [30], The word Khatri in the Hindi Language comes from the Sanskrit Kshatriya according to the Śabdasāgara Lexicon by Shyamasundara Dasa[31] According to Dr. H.H Wilson, Professor of Sanskrit in the University of Oxford, the word Khatri is the Hindi word for the Sanskrit Kshatriya, the name of the 2nd pure tribe of the caste system. Many of these new castes played a major role in society. [9][10][11], According to Bichitra Natak, said to be the autobiography of the last Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh,[12][13][14] the Bedi sub-caste of the Khatris derives its lineage from Kush, the son of Rama (according to Hindu epic Ramayana). Thakur is their Kul also. I have heard that the original Kshatriyas of India were the Rajputs, Jats, Marathas and the Nairs. Hindu (Khatri) and Sikh name based on the name of a prominent mercantile community in the Panjab. He practised as tailor in central Auckland...", Center for the Study of Developing Societies in India (CSDS), 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.003.0014, "534 Sanjay Kumar, A tale of three cities", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khatri&oldid=991807431, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from February 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 22:40. [26][27] According to Scott C. 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